Three separate laboratories dated samples of linen from the Shroud in 1988; the results pointed to 14th-century origins, raising doubts about the shroud’s authenticity as an alleged 1st-century relic. Bayesian statistical techniques can be applied when there are several radiocarbon dates to be calibrated. When Bayesian analysis was introduced, its use was limited by the need to use mainframe computers to perform the calculations, but the technique has since been implemented on programs available for personal computers, such as OxCal. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55, 1869–1887 .

Timing and climatic impact of Greenland interstadials recorded in stalagmites from northern Turkey. 36, L19707 . Holmes, R. L. Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree Ring Bull. 43, 69–78 . Kuniholm, P. I. Dendrochronology at Gordion and on the Anatolian Plateau.

The determining factors were their location within the Norse deposit and the fact that they had all been modified by metal tools, evident from their characteristically clean, low angle-in cuts30. Such implements were not manufactured by the Indigenous inhabitants of the area at the time30 . 993 (ref.6).


Ebiomedicine 27, 176–181 . Bhardwaj, R. D. Neocortical neurogenesis in humans is restricted to development. USA 103, 12564–12568 .

Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth

This project is developing a custom compiler that will incorporate custom optimization decisions to be fed back into polyhedral data-flow graphs which can plug into general purpose compilers. The demand for higher data rate communication has severely increased in the last years. To address this demand, the wireless industry is moving to its fifth generation of cellular technology that will use millimeter wave (mm-Wave) frequencies to offer unprecedented spectrum and multi-Gigabit-per-second data rates to wireless systems.

Cosmic radiation events as absolute time markers

Preliminary results indicate that, depending on the location of the vineyard, both past geomorphic and modern-day processes and deposition influence current vineyard soil conditions. The presence, exposure and orientation of beachrock outcrops also provide clear evidence of positional mobility of the island by ±150 m and a further 60 m offshore, over centennial timescales. The oldest ages on beachrock date to approximately 1440 yBP, consistent with the timing that the island emerged above MSL.

Were responsible for funding acquisition. And S.M.S. carried out the investigations. And S.M.S. were responsible for the methodology. S.M.S. and C.F. Administered the project.

The impact and significance of tephra deposition on a Holocene forest environment in the North Cascades, Washington, USA

Now, new applications for the technique are emerging in forensics, thanks to research funded by NIJ and other organizations. In recent years, forensic scientists have started to apply carbon-14 dating to cases in which law enforcement agencies hope to find out the age of a skeleton or other unidentified human remains. Each compartment in the global carbon cycle stores and recycles carbon, but the magnitude of the storage and the rate of exchange vary enormously between them. Carbon stored in the atmosphere, surface ocean, biomass and soils, for example, is cycled relatively quickly via processes such as photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition, and air-sea gas exchange. The study of pottery technology took place independently from its typological analysis.

& Monegato, G. Evaluation of preparation methods in radiocarbon dating of old woods. Radiocarbon 59, 727–737 . The largest security-related threat of IoT systems from the traditional IT systems is that even using devices for data collection can become a target of cyberattacks. While conventional cryptographic schemes, such as AES, SHA-256 and RSA/Elliptic Curve, work well on systems which have reasonable processing power and memory capabilities, these do not scale well into a world with embedded systems. Thus, lightweight cryptographic methods are proposed to overcome the disadvantages of conventional cryptography and to provide security solutions for resource-constrained devices. Lightweight cryptography is an encryption method that features a small footprint and/or low computational complexity and its international standardization and guidelines compilation are currently underway.

Morphological features described in the article were noted for each cut mark observed on the bone specimens from Bluefish Caves I and II. Impact of the natural taphonomic processes affecting the bone assemblages. The faunal collections from Bluefish Caves are curated at the Canadian Museum of History . Taphonomic analyses were conducted in the Ecomorphology and Paleoanthropology laboratory (U. de Montréal) and high resolution digital images were taken using the Olympus DSX-100 microscope.

Michael Palmer and the 7-week course introducing improvisation by Alden H. Snell II and Christopher D. Azzara. Both of these classes use Jazz improvisation as their foundation. These classes show that while beneficial, we still need a more focused course for classical improvisation. Presented within this paper is my suggested model for a classical improvisation course. Clover I argue that improvisational skills expand the overall musicianship of classical performers and allow the musicians to discover their individual voices through this aspect of classical performance that should return to our musical skill set. We propose a novel data-driven procedure to train a neural network for the swing-up control of underactuated robotic systems.

Additionally, when we look at the stories of Hieronimo and Horatio through a necropolitical lens, it foregrounds the centrality of class in the conflict of the play. Through a close reading of Horatio’s murder, I argue that Horatio and Hieronimo represent the threat of social mobility to the insular aristocratic class embodied by Lorenzo and Balthazar, and Horatio’s murder serves as a reassertion of absolute sovereign control. Hieronimo’s violent actions carry different implications when we are able to read them as not only acts of vengeance, but also, to some extent, of revolution. We surveyed 30 undergraduate geoscience majors at a public 4-year university. The results represent the state of students’ career awareness prior to any career planning interventions. We found that, in general, students lack clarity about potential jobs and skills required for those jobs.